Current CFPB authority – Lexology

Because the Director of the CFPB has not yet been appointed and confirmed, some of the authority that was delegated to the CFPB under the Dodd-Frank Act cannot yet be invoked. The Inspector General of the Department of the Treasury and the Federal Reserve Board issued a joint letter on January 10, 2011, regarding CFPB authority with and without a Director in place. Without a Senate-confirmed Director by the designated Transfer Date, the two agencies concluded that section 1066(a) of the Dodd-Frank Act grants the Secretary of the Treasury the authority to carry out the functions of the Bureau found under subtitle F of title X. On the designated Transfer Date, subtitle F grants the Bureau the authority to: (1) prescribe rules, issue orders, and produce guidance related to the federal consumer financial laws that were, prior to the designated Transfer Date, within the authority of the FRB, OCC, OTS, FDIC, and NCUA; (2) conduct examinations (for federal consumer financial law purposes) of banks, savings associations, and credit unions with total assets in excess of $10 billion, and any affiliates thereof; (3) prescribe rules, issue guidelines, and conduct a study or issue a report (with certain limitations) under the enumerated consumer laws that were previously within the authority of the FTC prior to the designated Transfer Date; (4) conduct all consumer protection functions relating to the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974, the Secure and Fair Enforcement for Mortgage Licensing Act of 2008, and the Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act that were previously within the authority of HUD prior to the designated Transfer Date; (5) enforce all orders, resolutions, determinations, agreements, and rulings that have been issued, prior to the designated Transfer Date, by any transferor agency or by a court of competent jurisdiction, in the performance of consumer financial protection functions that are transferred to the Bureau, with respect to a bank, savings association, or credit union with total assets in excess of $10 billion, and any affiliates thereof; and (6) replace the FRB, OCC, OTS, FDIC, NCUA, and HUD in any lawsuit or proceeding that was commenced by or against one of the transferor agencies prior to the designated Transfer Date, with respect to a consumer financial protection function transferred to the Bureau.      

The Treasury Secretary is not permitted to perform certain newly established Bureau authorities if there is no confirmed Director by the designated Transfer Date. Accordingly, without a Senate-confirmed Director, the Treasury is not permitted to exercise the Bureau’s authority to: (1) prohibit unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices under subtitle C in connection with consumer financial products and services; (2) prescribe rules and require model disclosure forms under subtitle C to ensure that the features of a consumer financial product or service are fairly, accurately, and effectively disclosed, both initially and over the term of the product or service; (3) prescribe rules under section 1022 relating to, among other things, the filing of limited reports to the Bureau for the purpose of determining whether a nondepository institution should be supervised by the Bureau; and (4) supervise nondepository institutions under section 1024, including the authority to (a) prescribe rules defining the scope of nondepository institutions subject to the Bureau’s supervision, (b) prescribe rules establishing record-keeping requirements that the Bureau determines are needed to facilitate nondepository supervision, and (c) conduct examinations of nondepository institutions.

While there are some who do not agree with the Treasury’s analysis, there appears to be a consensus that the CFPB can perform all consumer financial protection functions of the FRB, OCC, OTS, FDIC, FTC, NCUA, and HUD in connection with issuing regulations under existing consumer financial protection laws. It cannot, however, carry out new functions provided to the CFPB under the Dodd-Frank Act, such as prohibiting unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices in connection with consumer products and services; prescribing rules and requiring model disclosures to ensure that features of consumer financial products or services are fairly, accurately, and effectively disclosed; or supervising non-depository institutions.

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Continuing Ed for Title Agents

Survey Standards Course Approved in Pennsylvania

2 credits. Members of the American Land Title Association® (ALTA®) have specific needs, unique to title insurance matters, when asked to insure title to land without exception as to the many matters which might be discoverable from survey and inspection, and which are not evidenced by the public records. This course discusses the standards associated with those surveys.

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For a survey of real property, and the plat, map or record of such survey, to be acceptable to a title insurance company for the purpose of insuring title to said real property free and clear of survey matters (except those matters disclosed by the survey and indicated on the plat or map), certain specific and pertinent information must be presented for the distinct and clear understanding between the insured, the client (if different from the insured), the title insurance company (insurer), the lender, and the surveyor professionally responsible for the survey.

In order to meet such needs, clients, insurers, insureds, and lenders are entitled to rely on surveyors to conduct surveys and prepare associated plats or maps that are of a professional quality and appropriately uniform, complete, and accurate. To that end, and in the interests of the general public, the surveying profession, title insurers, and abstracters, the ALTA and the NSPS jointly promulgate the within details and criteria setting forth a minimum standard of performance for ALTA/NSPS Land Title Surveys.

A complete 2016 ALTA/NSPS Land Title Survey includes:
(i) the on-site fieldwork required pursuant to Section 5,
(ii) the preparation of a plat or map pursuant to Section 6 showing the results of the fieldwork and its relationship to documents provided to or obtained by the surveyor pursuant to Section 4,
(iii) any information from Table A items requested by the client, and
(iv) the certification outlined in Section 7.

Gary KentGary Kent is Director of Surveying at The Schneider Corporation, a 42-year-old consulting firm based in Indianapolis providing solutions in surveying, GIS, 3D graphics, architecture, and civil, municipal and transportation engineering. A past-president of both ACSM and the Indiana Society of Professional Land Surveyors, Gary has a BS degree in Land Surveying from Purdue University and is registered to practice surveying in Indiana and Michigan. He is chair of both the NSPS/ACSM committee and the ALTA committee on the ALTA/ACSM Standards. He currently sits on the Indiana State Board of Registration for Land Surveyors and is also a member of the adjunct faculty at the Purdue campus in Indianapolis where he teaches Land Survey Systems, Legal Descriptions, Boundary Law and Property Surveying.

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Designing the Mortgage Form of the Future.

Buying a home produces enough documents to make your head hurt — or your hand from signing all of them.

So this explains the ongoing federal effort to simplify documents borrowers receive during the home-buying process with new forms that make closing costs and final loan details easier for consumers to understand.

The U.S. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau hopes to slash by 50% the intimidating stack of papers, but the bureau’s latest initiative on closing documents could actually put another sheet of paper in the hands of consumers.

The bureau has unveiled two draft mortgage forms. One of the bureau’s prototypes is six pages. The other is five. In comparison, the current closing documents usually include a two-page Truth in Lending disclosure form and a three-page form called a HUD-1 Settlement.

But the agency doesn’t seem worried about the one-sheet difference. It’s mostly focused on consolidating information in a way that makes the costs and terms of a loan easier to understand. It also says its hands are slightly tied because the 2010 Dodd-Frank law has required more information to be disclosed to homebuyers.

“Basically, we’ve boiled down content that could have filled 10 pages into five or six,” the bureau says on its web site. “Unfortunately, we don’t control most of what you receive at closing, so our page reduction efforts can only go so far. For now, we’re working on consolidating these forms and making this disclosure better.”

The consumer bureau said its combined forms could help consumers determine if the terms and costs they were quoted by a lender are indeed what they are being charged at closing. The bureau also wants to help make it easier for consumers to understand exactly what their payments will be over the life of the loan.

There’s still a long road ahead for this piece. The bureau will start testing the prototypes Tuesday in Des Moines, Iowa, engaging in conversations with consumers, lenders and brokers. The bureau said it expects to conduct four rounds of testing and revisions through February 2012. It then plans to start seeking more formal comments on draft forms in July 2012.

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Continuing Ed for Title Agents

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